September 29, 2023


Learn Business From Experience

5-Star Enforcement and the Increasing Laws

4 min read

Does your organization promote to shoppers or companies that may go away critiques or fee your merchandise? Whether or not your clients can go away critiques in your web site or one other public-facing evaluate platform, corporations ought to concentrate on new developments within the client evaluate enforcement house that will impression the way you publicize and conduct your product score and evaluate system.  In case you are not conscious of the increasing client evaluate laws, it might price your organization thousands and thousands and even land you in jail.


Part 5 of the Federal Commerce Fee (FTC) Act (the Act) prohibits unfair and misleading acts and practices. Particularly, because the Act pertains to buyer critiques: damaging buyer critiques and scores can’t be suppressed or hidden; any incentives for critiques should be disclosed; materials connections between a reviewer and the reviewed product should be disclosed; and evaluate gating is prohibited. The FTC has heightened its give attention to client critiques as of late and proposed revisions to the Endorsement Guides for advertisers that may tighten enforcement towards posting false optimistic critiques or manipulating client notion by suppressing damaging critiques, amongst different issues. The proposed guideline revisions would state that “in procuring, suppressing, boosting, organizing, or modifying client critiques of their merchandise, advertisers mustn’t take actions which have the impact of distorting or in any other case misrepresenting what shoppers consider their merchandise.” See Federal Register, Guides In regards to the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Promoting, Part IV (C) (July 26, 2022), Along with broadening its Endorsement Guides, the FTC has already demonstrated a major enhance in client evaluate enforcement—together with pursuing elevated penalties and new priorities like evaluate hijacking.


In February 2023, Hadis Nuhanovic, a service provider advisor, was sentenced to twenty months in jail for collaborating in a world scheme wherein he bribed staff of a know-how platform to take away damaging on-line critiques on his shoppers’ merchandise and reinstate suspended accounts, amongst different unlawful actions reminiscent of stealing delicate firm info associated to product-review rankings and focusing on his shoppers’ rivals on the platform. Nuhanovic, along with a co-defendant, reached out to platform staff in India and bribed them to acquire unfair benefits for his personal enterprise’ achieve. For instance, Nuhanovic admitted that he paid a platform worker to take away damaging critiques and additional admitted that he operated a number of sham accounts—created utilizing false info—to buy merchandise from retailers and submit damaging critiques about them, with the intention of deceiving shoppers and harming the focused accounts. Moreover, Nuhanovic used his sham accounts to go away optimistic critiques for his most well-liked accounts, additional deceiving shoppers and bettering the position of sure favored merchandise in searches.

Along with the evaluate bribes, Nuhanovic was investigated for different associated crimes to which he finally pled responsible. He was sentenced to a few years of supervised launch on prime of the 20 months in jail and compelled to forfeit $100,000 and pay $160,000 in unreported taxes.


“Evaluation hijacking” happens when an organization—in promoting its services or products—steals or repurposes critiques of one other services or products it presents. Evaluation hijacking constitutes false promoting and may happen when an organization merges its new merchandise with totally different, older however extra established merchandise that have already got scores, critiques or badges on a web site.

In its first enforcement motion focusing on buyer evaluate hijacking, on February 16, 2023, the FTC obtained a consent settlement with The Bountiful Firm (Bountiful) for “manipulating product pages and deceiving shoppers” that included a $600,000 fee for client financial reduction. As alleged by the FTC, Bountiful abused a function, which allowed the corporate to trick shoppers into believing that its newly launched merchandise had extra scores and critiques, greater common scores, and “#1 Greatest Vendor” badges. Some platforms have a function that permits distributors to put new merchandise on the identical product element web page as older variations with the full scores, common star score and critiques for all merchandise within the variation relationship; Bountiful, nevertheless, allegedly took benefit of that function to promote its complement merchandise with totally different formulations to spice up visibility and enhance gross sales.

The FTC views this sort of evaluate hijacking as clearly misleading and unfair to shoppers and thus, has heightened its give attention to corporations who use this follow to spice up new merchandise’ scores and critiques.


The FTC and US Division of Justice’s broad enforcement signifies the companies’ pattern towards pushing the boundaries on holding corporations accountable for deceiving shoppers. Enforcement actions like Nuhanovic might sign a brand new legal method by the companies to carry corporations and people accountable for client deception, notably because it pertains to buyer critiques.

In response to Nuhanovic, some platforms have indicated they’ve programs in place and groups organized to detect, examine and cease suspicious or criminal activity and maintain unhealthy actors accountable. Corporations with related product evaluate or score programs ought to arrange detection programs and stay vigilant of makes an attempt each internally and externally to govern buyer notion or be ready to face the implications.

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